“Gold is for fools,” or Why business is not a sport, and the winner does not get everything
Within the framework of these columns, we talked a lot about how the companies are structured and their weaknesses. They talked a lot and in detail about how to diagnose…

Continue reading →

Valuable resource: how to protect the customer base from rat employees
Unfortunately, the practice of moving the base is quite common. Entrepreneurs are faced with such a problem all the time, and this has led to the following stereotypes being strengthened…

Continue reading →

What fraudulent schemes of employees may affect the head of the company
Legislative fraud is the theft of another's property or the acquisition of a right to it through fraud or breach of trust, which can be committed using an official position.…

Continue reading →

How to hire an accountant if you do not understand anything in accounting

I clearly remember my first leader. In the early 2000s, right after the institute, I got a job as the chief (and only) accountant in a small furniture company. From the conversation with the boss, I learned two things:
There should be several directions in business, because if difficulties are in one industry, others will certainly help to survive. Specifically, he had: agriculture, a water and beer company and a company selling furniture.
The manager should be at least a little understanding of accounting. I recall how he went into his office, poured a large mug of coffee and opened an accounting program. There he looked at only four documents, and this was enough for him to understand the state of affairs in the company:
“Turnover” on account 60 (Suppliers and contractors). Thus, he understood how much we owed;
“Turnover” on account 62 (Buyers and customers). So he understood how much they owed us;
“Turnover” in cash accounts 50 (Cashier) and 51 (Bank). This is information about how much money the company has.
Here is a simple analysis that gave my leader an idea of ​​the state of affairs in his company. According to its results, the boss gave orders on when and how much to transfer to suppliers, on the issuance of loans to other companies, on the expenditure of funds for other purposes.

And, of course, he was completely indifferent to how we draw up balances and other reports. By the way, we then carried the reports to the tax office on paper, they were dusted in huge stacks to the ceiling in myriad tax vaults. I think that I will not surprise anyone if I say that in the tax we had certain acquaintances who helped with reports and other interesting issues.

Almost 20 years have passed since then – and a lot has changed.

The burden on the business has increased significantly. Just think: over the past two years we have been added three (!) New reports:
monthly SZV-M;
annual SZV-HUNDRED;
quarterly “monster” 6-personal income tax.
I’m not talking about the constant change of existing reports and their formats.

With the advent of electronic document management in reporting, the online tax system reconciles, sets requirements for the payment of arrears and fines. Tax has gained access to your bank accounts. She analyzes the income, compares it with those that you stated in the statements. In case of discrepancy – the same requirements, penalties, fines.

Submit any reports to the IFTS and funds via the Internet in 5 minutes
Try for free

There are reasons to block your account. This, ultimately, can temporarily paralyze the company. And, as a result – the failure of contracts, lost profits. Not to mention the situation when currency, alcohol, import, export are involved in your business. This requires separate analysis, accounting and reporting.

What about the online box office? Well, you get the point …

And in the future, control over accounting by departments and penalties for errors will only increase.

In view of the above, the question of competent accounting before the head arose quite acutely.

Hired accountant

Entrepreneurs no longer need an accountant!
Automated system for reporting, calculating taxes and salaries, billing and acts.
Try for free

An irreplaceable assistant in the management of accounting has always been an accountant. If the turnover of your activity is low and you have a specialist whom you trust, then this would be an ideal option. If you do not plan to create a full-fledged accounting department and the accountant will be the only one, then at the reception (in addition to the main function), we advise you to discuss the following points with him:
Now the function of an accountant is not limited to accounting and tax accounting. If the company has employees, it is necessary to maintain personnel records. For violation in this area will be fined in the amount of 5 to 50 thousand rubles.
If the company has foreign employees, then knowledge of migration accounting is mandatory. Penalties in this area can be up to six zeros.
The accountant must be “savvy” in communication with the tax and funds. Since a company representative can be called to the payroll tax commission, income legalization commission and the like. When submitting reports, requirements for submission of explanations may come (even if the reports are filled out correctly). They must be answered in writing and must be answered within 5 business days.
Possession of management accounting skills. I can not say that knowledge of management accounting is the main function of an accountant. Rather, it is the prerogative of the CFO. But if it is not, then find out if the accountant will be able to prepare management accounting data for you. This is a data set that allows the manager to analyze the current state of affairs in the company in order to increase profits. And if an accountant can prepare them for you, then this will be an undoubted “plus”.
However, I cannot but say about the “minuses” of the accountant employee:
like all of us, he is a living person who is not immune from mistakes. Whereas in this area errors in most cases end in fines;

“They will be pulled ashore and stunned with a stick”, or How to conclude a contract on your terms
One day, during a training on negotiations, a woman came up to me and asked: “We make cakes. Recently concluded a contract with the network. They stayed at a discount…

...

How to include employees in the work after the New Year holidays: 9 receptions
Maria Turcan, co-founder of the “I’m the Head” online school for beginner leaders, shares nine tips on how to get employees on track after a long weekend The first working…

...

Management in the student construction team, or Freedom as a conscious need
It was in the last century. Next summer, a student construction team (MTR) was created at the institute, and our hero was appointed commander. This movement originated in the mid-1950s…

...

How to avoid a cash gap due to winning the tender: a brief case
At the end of July, our company won a tender for the supply of products for one federal research and production center. Under the terms of the contract, an advance…

...